Responding to calls for the restoration of Good Manners and Right Conduct (GMRC) and Values Education as core subjects in schools, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act (RA) 11476 last June 25, 2020.
GMRC and Values Education will replace the existing Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (ESP) subject, a staple subject of the K-12 curriculum. It should be noted, however, that the two subjects were previously used by the Department of Education (DepEd).
While GMRC will be a separate subject taught from Grades 1 to 6, it will be integrated into daily learning activities for Kindergarten pupils.
“The Department of Education (DepEd) shall introduce GMRC through clear, distinct, specific, and concrete character building activities such as role playing in the classroom, community immersion activities, teacher-parent collaborative learning activities, school-initiated values formation activities, simulated activities, and other forms of experiential learning,” the Law stipulates.
Meanwhile, Values Education will be a separate subject for Grades 7 to 10 and integrated into the current subjects for Grades 11 to 12 under the K to 12 basic education curriculum.
Photo credit: PhilStar
“[Values Education] shall inculcate among our students the basic tenets of the observance of respect for oneself, others, and our elders, intercultural diversity, gender equity, ecology and integrity of creation, peace and justice, obedience to the law, nationalism and global citizenship, as well as the values of patience, perseverance, industry, honesty and integrity, and good faith in dealing with other human beings along with all other universal values,” explains RA 11476.
It orders the DepEd to issue the necessary rules and regulations to effectively implement the law. Relevant stakeholders should also be consulted.
The DepEd needs to train teachers on these subjects. The Education department should also provide educators adequate and relevant instructional materials to develop their capacity to teach these subjects.
“A whole school approach will be adopted to facilitate the collaborative action in and by school community and other stakeholders to foster parental involvement and develop home and school partnerships for an inclusive values education framework,” the law adds.
This will ensure the effective institutionalization of GMRC and Values Education in the K to 12 curriculum.
Photo credit: Change Org
There should also be an annual review to make sure that the law is properly implemented. This review will be facilitated by the DepEd as the lead agency tasked to implement the law. This shall be submitted to the committees on basic education of both the Senate and the House of Representatives.